Prof. Rosario Brancato (August 25, 1934 Chiasso, Switzerland – February 8, 2020 Milan, Italy) dedicated his entire professional life to the diagnosis and treatment of retinal diseases. His major diagnostic contributions were first in the field of fluorescein angiography and later of OCT. Laser therapy was the field in which Prof. Brancato was able to introduce significant and original innovations. He was among the first to experiment and then to introduce into clinical practice dye and then the diode laser. His propensity for novelty always made him an enthusiastic and strong-willed supporter of technological innovations. His didactic activity was always marked by the emotional involvement of young people who saw in him a scientific and professional reference.